Plumbing Systems

Plumbing equipment on the Angel is reasonably simple. She is equipped with all Stainless steel tanks – a 37.5 gallon fuel tank, and two water tanks with a total capacity of 135 gallons. I installed a Shurflo 12 volt fresh water pump, one that does not need a pressure accumulator, and a Culligan charcoal/bacteria water filter system. I replaced the original 12 gallon Raritan water heater when it failed with a 6 gallon Raritan water heater. The new Raritan barely held hot water overnight whereas the original one kept water hot for 2 to 3 days. Raritan says that shouldn’t be, but it is, and oh well, there you go. I do not recommend the Raritan 6 gallon hot water heater. When the second Raritan failed / rusted through, I replaced it with a Superstor which keeps water hot for a day and warm for up to two days.

When the original heads failed to pump any more, I replaced them with Raritan PH-II manual heads (2) of them, not cheap. But I really like these heads, although they are prone to minor leaks from the seals; these seals easily repaired, but a nuisance. They flush well; they pump easily, and they are simple to use and service. I have never had one fail to do its job.

I replaced all the sanitation hoses, valves, couplings, and holding tanks with Sea Land equipment. I added diverter valves for overboard or shoreside pump outs. These valves seem to get used in about equal proportion, but the diverter valves can jam in one position or the other. If you force them, they break, so I’ve learned to clean and lube them often. I’m looking for a better solution. The sanitation system generally works well and is odor free.


One plumbing / safety item many new cruisers neglect is the bilge pumping system. One pump is not enough. We have 4 pumps, a 3000 gph 12 volt pump, an 1100 gph 12 volt pump, a 30 gallon per minute dual action manual pump, and a small portable pump for clean up and for the dinghy. The big pumps use large smooth bore hose, and really move a lot of water. I installed a high water alarm, and if all else fails, we have a total of four stout buckets – just in case all the pumps fail. Don’t neglect your bilge pumps.

In 2012, after 26 years of service, we replaced all the thru-hull fittings, valves, tailpieces, and hose clamps. I eliminated the three-way valve in the galley and installed a larger fitting to supply the water maker. TankRepair213
Repair on one of our Stainless Steel Tanks

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